A vasectomy is a permanent method of birth control. however, it is not the only form of birth control.
If you are looking to prevent pregnancy, you and your partner may want to consider one of the following alternative birth control options to vasectomy.
Like a vasectomy, a tubal ligation is a permanent contraceptive option. During this procedure, a surgeon will cut or block the fallopian tubes. this will prevent the sperm from fertilizing the eggs.
tubal ligations are about six times more expensive than vasectomies, depending on planned parenthood. these surgeries are also considered more invasive. in some cases, they may require longer recovery periods.
Side effects of tubal ligation surgery include:
- blood vessel injury
- reaction to anesthesia
- spotting and cramps
- spotting between periods
- breast tenderness
- vaginal infection
- vaginal irritation
tubal ligation is very successful in preventing pregnancy, but it is not 100% effective. if you were to become pregnant after surgery, you could develop an ectopic pregnancy. this can be a life-threatening medical emergency.
birth control pills
Birth control pills, also called oral contraceptives, are medications taken to prevent pregnancy. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) says that these contraceptives are about 91 percent effective in preventing pregnancy. that is, out of every 100 people who take birth control pills, 9 can get pregnant.
Since the passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), birth control pills have become less expensive for most people. As of 2018, according to research, most women with health insurance plans had no out-of-pocket costs for oral contraceptives. only about 10 percent of women with employer health insurance plans still paid for oral contraceptives.
goodrx estimates that people who pay out of pocket for birth control pills spend between $226 and $268 a year. Prescriptions for these medications also need to be renewed annually, so you’ll need to factor in the cost of a visit with a health care professional.
intrauterine device (IUD)
An IUD is a device placed inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy. these devices are long-term contraceptives. most last between 5 and 10 years.
IUDs are among the most effective forms of birth control. For every 100 women with an IUD, the FDA says fewer than 1 will get pregnant while using it.
Some people with an IUD may experience side effects. These include heavy bleeding, spotting between periods, and cramps. If you want to get pregnant, a doctor or other health care professional will need to remove the IUD.
Depending on planned parenthood, the cost of IUD insertion can range from $0 to $1,300. People with health insurance may not have to pay anything, while people without insurance may pay varying amounts depending on the IUD manufacturer and the provider performing the procedure.
Contraceptive rings allow people with a uterus to skip the daily chore of taking pills. instead, they get 24-hour contraceptive protection with a flexible insertable ring. the rings release hormones, and the hormones prevent the ovaries from releasing eggs that can be fertilized.
Contraceptive rings are considered highly effective. Of every 100 people who wear the rings, about 9 get pregnant, according to the fda.
However, there are some risks with the use of birth control rings. these include:
Condoms inside and out can prevent pregnancy. they are also one of the least expensive forms of birth control. the average condom costs $1 to $2. They are also available over the counter at pharmacies, supermarkets, and convenience stores.
However, external condoms, also called male condoms, are not as effective at preventing pregnancy as other forms of birth control. according to the fda, for every 100 couples who use a male condom, 18 women become pregnant.
Internal condoms, also called female condoms, are more expensive, according to goodrx. they cost about 10 times more than the average external condom, averaging $531 per year. They’re also not as easy to find as external condoms.